Thứ Bảy, 7 tháng 12, 2013


 
40 CẤU TRÚC CÂU TRONG TIẾNG ANH MÀ NGƯỜI HỌC TIẾNG ANH NÊN BIẾT

1. S + V + too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something: (quá....để cho ai làm gì...)
e.g. This structure is too easy for you to remember.
e.g. He ran too fast for me to follow.

2. S + V + so + adj/ adv + that + S + V: (quá... đến nỗi mà...)
e.g. This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.
e.g. He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

3. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S + V: (quá... đến nỗi mà...)
e.g. It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.
e.g. It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.

4. S + V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something : (Đủ... cho ai đó làm gì...)
e.g. She is old enough to get married.
e.g. They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.

5. Have/ get + something + done (past participle): (nhờ ai hoặc thuê ai làm gì...)
e.g. I had my hair cut yesterday.
e.g. I’d like to have my shoes repaired.

6. It + be + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2) / It’s +time +for someone +to do something : (đã đến lúc ai
đó phải làm gì...)
e.g. It is time you had a shower.
e.g. It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.

7. It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something: (làm gì... mất bao nhiêu thời gian...)
e.g. It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.
e.g. It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.

8. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + V-ing: (ngăn cản ai/ cái gì... làm gì..)
e.g. He prevented us from parking our car here.

9. S + find+ it+ adj to do something: (thấy ... để làm gì...)
e.g. I find it very difficult to learn about English.
e.g. They found it easy to overcome that problem.

10. To prefer + Noun/ V-ing + to + N/ V-ing. (Thích cái gì/ làm gì hơn cái gì/ làm gì)
e.g. I prefer dog to cat.
e.g. I prefer reading books to watching TV.

11. Would rather ('d rather) + V (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive: (thích làm gì hơn làm gì)
e.g. She would play games than read books.
e.g. I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.

12. To be/get Used to + V-ing: (quen làm gì)
e.g. I am used to eating with chopsticks.

13. Used to + V (infinitive): (Thường làm gì trong qk và bây giờ không làm nữa)
e.g. I used to go fishing with my friend when I was young.
e.g. She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.

14. To be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing: ngạc nhiên về....
e.g. I was amazed at his big beautiful villa.

15. To be angry at + N/V-ing: tức giận về
e.g. Her mother was very angry at her bad marks.

16. to be good at/ bad at + N/ V-ing: giỏi về.../ kém về...
e.g. I am good at swimming.
e.g. He is very bad at English.

17. by chance = by accident (adv): tình cờ
e.g. I met her in Paris by chance last week.

18. to be/get tired of + N/V-ing: mệt mỏi về...
e.g. My mother was tired of doing too much housework everyday.

19. can’t stand/ help/ bear/ resist + V-ing: Không chịu nỗi/không nhịn được làm gì...
e.g. She can't stand laughing at her little dog.

20. to be keen on/ to be fond of + N/V-ing : thích làm gì đó...
e.g. My younger sister is fond of playing with her dolls.

21. to be interested in + N/V-ing: quan tâm đến...
e.g. Mrs Brown is interested in going shopping on Sundays.

22. to waste + time/ money + V-ing: tốn tiền hoặc thời gian làm gì
e.g. He always wastes time playing computer games each day.
e.g. Sometimes, I waste a lot of money buying clothes.

23. To spend + amount of time/ money + V-ing: dành bao nhiêu thời gian làm gì..
e.g. I spend 2 hours reading books a day.
e.g. Mr Jim spent a lot of money traveling around the world last year.

24. To spend + amount of time/ money + on + something: dành thời gian vào việc gì...
e.g. My mother often spends 2 hours on housework everyday.
e.g. She spent all of her money on clothes.

25. to give up + V-ing/ N: từ bỏ làm gì/ cái gì...
e.g. You should give up smoking as soon as possible.

26. would like/ want/wish + to do something: thích làm gì...
e.g. I would like to go to the cinema with you tonight.

27. have + (something) to + Verb: có cái gì đó để làm
e.g. I have many things to do this week.

28. It + be + something/ someone + that/ who: chính...mà...
e.g. It is Tom who got the best marks in my class.
e.g. It is the villa that he had to spend a lot of money last year.

29. Had better + V(infinitive): nên làm gì....
e.g. You had better go to see the doctor.

30. hate/ like/ dislike/ enjoy/ avoid/ finish/ mind/ postpone/ practise/ consider/ delay/ deny/ suggest/ risk/ keep/ imagine/ fancy + V-ing
e.g. I always practise speaking English everyday.

31. It is + tính từ + ( for smb ) + to do smt
VD: It is difficult for old people to learn English.
( Người có tuổi học tiếng Anh thì khó )

32. To be interested in + N / V_ing ( Thích cái gì / làm cái gì )
VD: We are interested in reading books on history.
( Chúng tôi thích đọc sách về lịch sử )

33. To be bored with ( Chán làm cái gì )
VD: We are bored with doing the same things everyday.
( Chúng tôi chán ngày nào cũng làm những công việc lặp đi lặp lại )

34. It’s the first time smb have ( has ) + PII smt ( Đây là lần đầu tiên ai làm cái gì )
VD: It’s the first time we have visited this place.
( Đây là lần đầu tiên chúng tôi tới thăm nơi này )

35. enough + danh từ ( đủ cái gì ) + ( to do smt )
VD: I don’t have enough time to study.
( Tôi không có đủ thời gian để học )

36. Tính từ + enough (đủ làm sao ) + ( to do smt )
VD: I’m not rich enough to buy a car.
( Tôi không đủ giàu để mua ôtô )

37. too + tính từ + to do smt ( Quá làm sao để làm cái gì )
VD: I’m to young to get married.
( Tôi còn quá trẻ để kết hôn )

38. To want smb to do smt = To want to have smt + PII
( Muốn ai làm gì ) ( Muốn có cái gì được làm )
VD: She wants someone to make her a dress.
( Cô ấy muốn ai đó may cho cô ấy một chiếc váy )
= She wants to have a dress made.
( Cô ấy muốn có một chiếc váy được may )

39. It’s time smb did smt ( Đã đến lúc ai phải làm gì )
VD: It’s time we went home.
( Đã đến lúc tôi phải về nhà )

40. It’s not necessary for smb to do smt = Smb don’t need to do smt
( Ai không cần thiết phải làm gì ) doesn’t have to do smt
VD: It is not necessary for you to do this exercise.
( Bạn không cần phải làm bài tập này )

Robin
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